- What is the effect in a market from a per unit tax on output?
- How does a per unit subsidy affect the simple monopoly equilibrium?
- Who bears tax burden in Monopoly?
- Does a tax on sellers affect the supply curve?
- What happens when a tax is imposed on a good?
- When a tax is imposed on a good for which both demand and supply are very elastic?
- Does it matter whether buyers or sellers are legally responsible for paying a tax?
- What does a lump sum subsidy do to monopoly?
- Why is taxing a monopoly bad?
- How is the burden of the tax shared between buyers and sellers buyers bear?
- How does the Laffer Curve Work?
- What happens to supply and demand when a tax is imposed?
- What does per unit tax mean?
- What is a per unit subsidy?
- What does a lump sum subsidy do?
- What is the effect of a lump sum tax which is like an additional fixed cost on a monopoly?
- Do buyers determine both demand and supply?
- How does supply and demand affect the economy?
What is the effect in a market from a per unit tax on output?
A per unit tax increases firm’s marginal cost and average variable cost (thus, also the average total cost), but does not affect fixed costs.
A per unit tax will likely cause a firm to reduce its output in the short-run, since MC shifts up and moves along the demand curve..
How does a per unit subsidy affect the simple monopoly equilibrium?
When the subsidy is a fixed sum on each unit of output produced. … (12.23) gives us that as a rises, q also rises which gives us that grant of a per-unit subsidy would increase the output and, hence, decrease the price of the monopolist’s product (because of the negative slope of the demand or AR curve).
Who bears tax burden in Monopoly?
HYPOTHESIS 1. In the absence of strategic demand uncertainty (i.e., with automated demand), Bertrand competitors can fully pass the burden of a tax increase to the buyers. A monopolist cannot pass the burden of taxation to its buyers. The monopolist bears the full burden of an additional tax.
Does a tax on sellers affect the supply curve?
Because the tax on sellers raises the cost of producing and selling the good, it reduces the quantity supplied at every price. The supply curve shifts to the left. The equilibrium price rises and the equilibrium quantity falls. Once again, taxes reduce the size of the market.
What happens when a tax is imposed on a good?
When the tax is imposed, the price that the buyer pays must exceed the price that the seller receives, by the amount equal to the tax. … There are two main effects of a tax: a fall in the quantity traded and a diversion of revenue to the government. These are illustrated in Figure 5.4 “Revenue and deadweight loss”.
When a tax is imposed on a good for which both demand and supply are very elastic?
When a tax is imposed on a good for which both demand and supply are very elastic, sellers effectively pay the majority of the tax. buyers effectively pay the majority of the tax. the tax burden is equally divided between buyers and sellers. Any of the above answers could be true.
Does it matter whether buyers or sellers are legally responsible for paying a tax?
Does it matter whether buyers or sellers are legally responsible for paying a tax? No, the market price to consumers and net proceeds to sellers are the same independent of who pays the tax. … the actual division of the burden of a tax between buyers and sellers in a market.
What does a lump sum subsidy do to monopoly?
You must know how to answer what happens to the firms, quantity, price, profits, consumer surplus, DWL, losses due to a per-unit or lump-sum. Remember, a lump-sum is treated/viewed as a Fixed Cost (FC) and therefore will shift the ATC curve up(tax) or down (subsidy) but it will not effect the MC marginal cost curve.
Why is taxing a monopoly bad?
So the problem with monopolized industries is that they produce too little, and with their lower production levels, they ultimately have less need to hire labor and capital. Taxing monopolies only worsens their low usage of labor and capital. … The result is a competition for the ability to have a monopoly.
How is the burden of the tax shared between buyers and sellers buyers bear?
two-thirds of the burden, and sellers bear one-third of the burden. Although lawmakers legislated a fifty-fifty division of the payment of the FICA tax, the burden of the tax is dictated by the relative elasticities of supply and demand rather than the legislated tax incidence.
How does the Laffer Curve Work?
The Laffer Curve is based on the economic idea that people will adjust their behavior in the face of the incentives created by income tax rates. Higher income tax rates decrease the incentive to work and invest compared lower rates. … At a 0% tax rate, tax revenue would obviously be zero.
What happens to supply and demand when a tax is imposed?
If the government increases the tax on a good, that shifts the supply curve to the left, the consumer price increases, and sellers’ price decreases. A tax increase does not affect the demand curve, nor does it make supply or demand more or less elastic.
What does per unit tax mean?
specific taxA per unit tax, or specific tax, is a tax that is defined as a fixed amount for each unit of a good or service sold, such as cents per kilogram. It is thus proportional to the particular quantity of a product sold, regardless of its price.
What is a per unit subsidy?
A per unit subsidy paid to farmers lowers their costs, and therefore their supply curves, by an amount exactly equal to the subsidy per unit of output. It’s just like a per unit tax, but while the per unit tax raises costs and the supply curve by the amount of the tax, a subsidy works exactly the opposite way.
What does a lump sum subsidy do?
Comparison – Net Effect A lump-sum subsidy lowers fixed costs. This means that there are less fixed costs to spread out over output. As a result, marginal cost intersects at the minimum ATC to the left of the original ATC. The net result is more profit.
What is the effect of a lump sum tax which is like an additional fixed cost on a monopoly?
Since a lump-sum tax is like a fixed cost to a monopolist, its imposition will result in an upward shift of his total cost (TC) curve by a vertical distance equal to the amount of the tax.
Do buyers determine both demand and supply?
Buyers determine demand, and sellers determine supply.
How does supply and demand affect the economy?
It’s a fundamental economic principle that when supply exceeds demand for a good or service, prices fall. When demand exceeds supply, prices tend to rise. … However, when demand increases and supply remains the same, the higher demand leads to a higher equilibrium price and vice versa.